4. GPIO Pins

Use machine.Pin to control I/O pins.

For Zephyr, pins are initialized using a tuple of port and pin number (\"GPIO_x\", pin#) for the id value. For example to initialize a pin for the red LED on a FRDM-k64 board:

LED = Pin(("GPIO_1", 22), Pin.OUT)

Reference your board's datasheet or Zephyr documentation for pin numbers, see below for more examples.

Pin Formatting
Board Pin Format
frdm_k64f Red LED = PTB22 ("GPIO_1", 22)
96b_carbon LED1 = PD2 ("GPIOD", 2)
mimxrt685_evk_cm33 Green LED = PIO0_14 ("GPIO0", 14)

4.1. Interrupts

The Zephyr port also supports interrupt handling for Pins using machine.Pin.irq(). To respond to Pin change IRQs run:

from machine import Pin

SW2 = Pin(("GPIO_2", 6), Pin.IN)            # create Pin object for switch 2
SW3 = Pin(("GPIO_0", 4), Pin.IN)            # create Pin object for switch 3

SW2.irq(lambda t: print("SW2 changed"))     # print message when SW2 state is changed (triggers change IRQ)
SW3.irq(lambda t: print("SW3 changed"))     # print message when SW3 state is changed (triggers change IRQ)

while True:                                 # wait